下水道是城市的良心——Texas大水淹城

一个让人悲伤的消息,在Memorial Day期间,Texas遭遇了历史性的大水灾;截至目前,已经有13人死亡,30人失踪,数百户住在被淹没,数千户人家被迫撤离。

一个让人悲伤的消息,在Memorial Day期间,Texas遭遇了历史性的大水灾;截至目前,已经有13人死亡,30人失踪,数百户住在被淹没,数千户人家被迫撤离。

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这是当天的Texas景象,汽车已经被完全淹没,房子倒塌,数百户人无家可归。

Cars sit in floodwaters along Interstate 45 after heavy overnight rain flooded parts of the highway in Houston, Tuesday, May 26, 2015. Several major highways in the Houston area are closed due to high water. (AP Photo/David J. Phillip)
Cars sit in floodwaters along Interstate 45 after heavy overnight rain flooded parts of the highway in Houston, Tuesday, May 26, 2015. Several major highways in the Houston area are closed due to high water. (AP Photo/David J. Phillip)
Domingo Molina, right, paddles with his granddaughters Crystal, left, and Alicia, center, down a flooded street in Houston, Tuesday, May 26, 2015. Heavy rain overnight caused flooding and closure of sections of highways in the Houston area. (AP Photo/David J. Phillip)
Domingo Molina, right, paddles with his granddaughters Crystal, left, and Alicia, center, down a flooded street in Houston, Tuesday, May 26, 2015. Heavy rain overnight caused flooding and closure of sections of highways in the Houston area. (AP Photo/David J. Phillip)
Cars remain stranded along a flooded section of Interstate 45 after heavy rains overnight in Houston, Tuesday, May 26, 2015. Several major highways are closed in the Houston area due to high water. (AP Photo/David J. Phillip)
Cars remain stranded along a flooded section of Interstate 45 after heavy rains overnight in Houston, Tuesday, May 26, 2015. Several major highways are closed in the Houston area due to high water. (AP Photo/David J. Phillip)
Jerni Self sweeps mud from the Easter family home after the West Cache Creek overflowed and flooded the area in Cache, Okla., Sunday, May 24, 2015. (Sarah Phipps/The Oklahoman via AP)
Jerni Self sweeps mud from the Easter family home after the West Cache Creek overflowed and flooded the area in Cache, Okla., Sunday, May 24, 2015. (Sarah Phipps/The Oklahoman via AP)

雨果曾在《悲惨世界》中说过:下水道是一个城市的良心。而台湾作家龙应台也曾说,验证一个国家和城市是否发达,一场雨足矣——最好来一场倾盆大雨,足足下它三个小时,因为,“它或许有钱建造高楼大厦,却还没有心力去发展下水道;高楼大厦看得见,下水道看不见。你要等一场大雨才看出真面目来”。

当年北京的洪灾导致无数人丧失性命,无家可归的时候,人们就对自身的城市建设有了深刻的反思:下水道,城市的良心;地变海,执政者的失误。下水道是考验一个城市的基本标准之一,我们来看看世界上那些发达城市的地下道,长什么样子。

东京:东京的下水道堪称世界上最先进的排水系统,地下河深度达60米,可谓是“地下宫殿”了。总贮水量为67万立方米。

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德国是“洼地——渗渠系统”

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维也纳下水道

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澳大利亚地下排水渠,被城市探险者称为洞穴。

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